What? (Key Knowledge)

The Earth and the Sun
WARNINGIT IS NOT SAFE TO EVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN EVEN WHEN WEARING SUN GLASSES.

What is the

Sun?

The sun is a star at the centre of our solar system.

What is the solar

system?

The solar system has eight planets; Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

How is the Earth related to the Sun?

The Earth orbits (goes around) the Sun. The Earth takes one year to orbit the Sun.

The Earth is held in its orbit round the Sun by the Sun’s
gravitation pull.

The Moon and the Earth
What is a moon?

A moon is a celestial body that orbits a planet.

The Earth has one moon; Jupiter has four large moons and numerous small ones.

How is the Moon related to the Earth?

The Moon orbits the Earth.

It takes about 28 days for the Moon to orbit the Earth.

The Moon is held in its orbit round the Earth by the Earth’s gravitational pull.

Why does the Moon shape change?

IT DOESN’T

It appears to change shape because we cannot always see the side of the Moon that’s in sunlight or we can only see part of the sunlit side of the Moon as it orbits Earth.

The rotation of Earth

How else

does the Earth move?

The Earth spins on its own axis.

The Earth takes 24 hours (1 day) to completely rotate on
its axis.

What causes day and night?

The Earth spins once a day.

The side of the Earth facing the Sun is in the daytime.

The side of the Earth facing away from the Sun is in night time.

What causes Sunrise and Sunset?

The Sun doesn’t move – it is us that moves. Because the
Earth is rotating, the Sun appears to move across the sky as the day goes on.

What? (Key Vocabulary)

Spelling

Definition/Sentence

Solar

Relating to the Sun

Orbit

The curved path of an object around a star

Axis

An imaginary line round which something rotates

Rotating

Moving in a circle around an axis

Gravitational

Moving towards a centre of gravity
 
Diagrams and Symbols
The Earth orbiting the Sun, which takes one year.
The Moon orbiting the Earth, which takes about 28 days.
The Earth spinning on its axis, which takes 24 hours.
 
Possible Experiences

Water cycle: Interactive activity to learn how the water cycle is important to sustain life of Earth

Gravity: Galileo experiment – does the mass of an object affect the speed in which it drops.

 
 

Literacy Links

Fiction:
Hidden Figures
May’s Moon
Here we are
Non-fiction:
The planets
Dr Maggie’s Grand Tour of the Solar System
The Water Cycle
Sun, Moon and stars
Everything Space


Big Question: Why is Earth unique compared to other
planets?

Line of Enquiry 1:
What is the Earth’s place in the Universe?
Line of Enquiry 2:
What attributes do pioneers demonstrate to question the
world

around them?

Line of Enquiry 3:
How does the Earth sustain life?

Outcomes:

X